ASVS V9 Data Protection
V9: Data Protection Verification Requirements
There are three key elements to sound data protection: Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability (CIA). This standard assumes that data protection is enforced on a trusted system, such as a server, which has been hardened and has sufficient protections.
Applications have to assume that all user devices are compromised in some way. Where an application transmits or stores sensitive information on insecure devices, such as shared computers, phones and tablets, the application is responsible for ensuring data stored on these devices is encrypted and cannot be easily illicitly obtained, altered or disclosed.
Ensure that a verified application satisfies the following high level data protection requirements:
- Confidentiality: Data should be protected from unauthorised observation or disclosure both in transit and when stored.
- Integrity: Data should be protected being maliciously created, altered or deleted by unauthorized attackers.
- Availability: Data should be available to authorized users as required
Security Verification Requirements:
|9.1||Verify that all forms containing sensitive information have disabled client side caching, including autocomplete features.||✓||✓||✓||1.0|
|9.2||Verify that the list of sensitive data processed by the application is identified, and that there is an explicit policy for how access to this data must be controlled, encrypted and enforced under relevant data protection directives.||✓||3.0|
|9.3||Verify that all sensitive data is sent to the server in the HTTP message body or headers (i.e., URL parameters are never used to send sensitive data).||✓||✓||✓||1.0|
|9.4||Verify that the application sets sufficient anti-caching headers such that any sensitive and personal information displayed by the application or entered by the user should not be cached on disk by mainstream modern browsers (e.g. visit about:cache to review disk cache).||✓||✓||✓||3.1|
|9.5||Verify that on the server, all cached or temporary copies of sensitive data stored are protected from unauthorized access or purged/invalidated after the authorized user accesses the sensitive data.||✓||✓||1.0|
|9.6||Verify that there is a method to remove each type of sensitive data from the application at the end of the required retention policy.||✓||1.0|
|9.7||Verify the application minimizes the number of parameters in a request, such as hidden fields, Ajax variables, cookies and header values.||✓||✓||2.0|
|9.8||Verify the application has the ability to detect and alert on abnormal numbers of requests for data harvesting for an example screen scraping.||✓||2.0|
|9.9||Verify that data stored in client side storage (such as HTML5 local storage, session storage, IndexedDB, regular cookies or Flash cookies) does not contain sensitive data or PII.||✓||✓||✓||3.0.1|
|9.10||Verify accessing sensitive data is logged, if the data is collected under relevant data protection directives or where logging of accesses is required.||✓||✓||3.0|
|9.11||Verify that sensitive information maintained in memory is overwritten with zeros as soon as it is no longer required, to mitigate memory dumping attacks.||✓||✓||3.0.1|
|9.12||Placeholder for GDPR||✓||✓||✓||3.0.1|
|9.13||Placeholder for GDPR||✓||✓||✓||3.0.1|
|9.14||Verify that authenticated data is cleared from client storage, such as the browser DOM, after the client or session is terminated.||✓||✓||3.0|
For more information, see also:
- [Consider using Security Headers website to check security and anti-caching headers](https://securityheaders.io)
- [OWASP Secure Headers project](https://www.owasp.org/index.php/OWASP_Secure_Headers_Project)
- [User Privacy Protection Cheat Sheet](https://www.owasp.org/index.php/User_Privacy_Protection_Cheat_Sheet)